Les rapports du G20 YES 2013 par EY et Accenture
Avoiding a lost generation par EY
At a time when society’s biggest issue is youth unemployment, businesses and governments must work together to help young people develop an entrepreneurial mindset. That means fostering a culture which supports young people to take risks, set up businesses, create jobs and become masters of their own destiny.
Governments look to entrepreneurs and start-ups to kick-start their economies and provide the jobs that will sustain growth. Yet despite the payback in terms of potential job creation, government investment in SMEs is scarce. To get a more complete picture, we interviewed 1,000 treps ages 40 and under as part of our 2013 survey. This was out of more than 1,500 treps from across the G20. We found that young treps are optimistic and recognize their crucial role in tackling the youth unemployment crisis. But they also warn that new policies and cultural changes are necessary to boost entrepreneurial activity.
Nearly 13% of the world’s youth — close to 75 million young people — are unemployed, according to the International Labour Organization (ILO). In the worst-hit countries, youth unemployment rates have risen well above 30%. The social and economic costs of losing a generation to joblessness are too high to contemplate. Through our research, young treps identify five key imperatives for action.
How to Unleash Growth and Jobs in G20 Countries by Fostering Innovation and Entrepreneurship par Accenture
Reinvigorating growth and job creation is a major challenge facing G20 governments, which is why they should pay closer attention to how they support entrepreneurial innovation. Entrepreneurs are valuable because they bring new ideas to life that can create entirely new markets or revitalize existing ones—and, in the process, spur economic growth and create jobs.
Recent research conducted by Accenture among 1,000 young entrepreneurs across G20 countries confirms the important role entrepreneurs play in a country’s economy. A majority of entrepreneurs we surveyed are optimistic about their ability to drive growth and create jobs in the coming years, and 78 percent of them feel technology-driven innovation is a strategic priority for their businesses. One-third of the entrepreneurs surveyed, and 45 percent of those with headquarters in an emerging market, expect the next wave of innovation to come primarily from emerging markets.
To develop their businesses, innovative entrepreneurs are eager to collaborate with large companies. They also feel that technology clusters, inspired by Silicon Valley, can provide a vital ecosystem for entrepreneurial success: One-third of the respondents work in a local technology cluster and 57 percent would like to work in one. And they would like to see governments do more to support entrepreneurial innovation, citing 12 policy actions they believe can help shape an environment that encourages entrepreneurs to pursue their ambition. Large companies, governments and entrepreneurs all have a role in making entrepreneurial innovation work. Working together, these three groups can devise the right combination of approaches and policies that can unleash entrepreneurial innovation while respecting the diversity of G20 economies.
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